Posts Tagged ‘Violation of Human Rights in Pakistan’

Plight upon Hindus & Sikhs in Pakistan by Jehadi-Talibani-Terrorist outfits

June 5, 2009

Shrinking Hindu community in Pakistan

June 7, 2009
Shrinking Hindu community in Pakistan
By N Krishna
The Hindu community in Pakistan, already reduced to an insignificant minority, is further dwindling. What happened to the Hindus there soon after Partition is continuing even now.
Unable to stand-up to the harassment by Muslim fanatics, more than 6,000 Pakistani Hindus have migrated to India in the recent past. Incessant pressure to convert to Islam and social alienation are driving the scattered Hindus to crossover to India. Lashkar Das, one of the Hindu migrants now settled in Haryana, echoes the feelings of many Hindus in Pakistan when he says: “I was constantly under pressure to convert to Islam. Some families budged and capitulated, but those who did not became targets for fanatics.” Another Hindu migrant says: “Local residents call us Hindu kafirs. Our children are discriminated against in schools and forced to read namaz.”
Kafirs! Interestingly, this epithet was used by one of the Pakistani terrorists who took part in the Mumbai massacre in November last. The heavily armed terrorist, on seeing a local resident, called the latter a “Kafir”. This supports the Hindu migrants’ contention that some Muslims in Pakistan call the Hindu neighbours as Kafirs.
No wonder Pakistan is now denuded of the once vibrant Hindu community. How did this happen? A note that the Indian government sent to Pakistan in December 1949 throws some light on the eviction, covert and overt, of Hindus from Pakistan. The note charged the Pakistan government with launching a drive against the remaining Hindus in Sindh. In the interior of Sindh, the note said, conditions were reported to be much worse. Owing to ceaseless “official’ harassment, Hindus were forced to embrace Islam.
Substitute ‘no-official’ for ‘official’ and you will get an idea of why the small Hindu minority in Pakistan is further dwindling. No less a Pakistani leader than the recently assassinated Benazir Bhutto said, in June 2006, that served Hindu families in Larkhana in Sind had been threatened with dire consequences if they did not dissociate themselves from her Pakistan People’s Party. She cited cases in which one Hindu was killed by unidentified assailants in Larkhana and another youth, a son of a noted Hindu family of Warand Mal was shot and wounded.
In February, 2008, Hindus in two districts of Pakistan’s Balochistan province warned that the minority community would boycott the upcoming general elections if the authorities failed to trace three kidnapped Hindu traders, even as armed men abducted another business man’s son. Forced conversions to Islam, which began in the wake of Partition, continue unabated in Pakistan. In March 2007, as many as 79 Pakistani Hindus from the Bhaeel community were converted to Islam near Khapro. The converts included 28 men, 25 women and 34 children. The elderly Bhaeels reportedly told an online news agency that they had embraced Islam after being inspired by the teachings of Islam.
All this ties in with what happened recently in the Swat Valley. It looks as though the Hindus in Pakistan, who now number 20 lakh, are in for further truncation in future. This suspicion was confirmed by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in its annual report for 2006. It says that the state promoted violence by failing to act against those attacking non-Muslims or their properties and their place of worship. The report also lists several cases of forced conversion to Islam, especially of Hindu women.
In September 2005, minority members of the Pakistan National Assembly said that Hindus were being hounded and humiliated to force them to leave Pakistan . They were taking part in a discussion on a call-attention motion on the abduction of a Hindu girl in Sindh and was latter converted to Islam. One member, Krishan Bheel, said many Hindu men were being kidnapped for ransom in Sindh. These incidents were engineered to force Hindus to leave Pakistan where they have been living for the past 5,000 years.
At the time of 1947 Partition, those belonging to Indian religions constituted about 20 per cent of the population in West Pakistan and 34 per cent in East Pakistan. The percentages have now dropped to a little less than two in Pakistan and to about ten in Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan).
All this is in sharp and disturbing contrast to the religious demography in India. The Muslim population in India grew by 1.3 per cent while the Hindu population declined by 1.5 per cent during 1991-2001. The Muslims, comprised 13.4 per cent while the Hindus formed 80.5 per cent with the total population standing at 1.02 billion in the 2001 census.
The policy of the successive Pakistan regimes of turning a blind eye to the harassment and eviction of the remaining Hindu families in places like Sindh has resulted in the continual thinning of the Hindu minority. And this has given rise to Hindu fundamentalism in India. Fundamentalism is something alien to Hinduism, but the injustices heaped on the diminishing Hindu population by Islamic extremists has touched off a wave of resentment in the majority community in India.
There will be meaningful democracy in Pakistan only if its rulers strive to realise Jinnah’s ideal of secularism. It is now universally established that secularism is the bedrock of democracy.
(The writer can be contacted at 16-110, Mirjalguda… Malkajgiri, Hyderabad-47 (AP))

Updated as on June 7, 2009 || The Organiser, New Delhi, India.

Shrinking Hindu community in Pakistan

By N Krishna

The Hindu community in Pakistan, already reduced to an insignificant minority, is further dwindling. What happened to the Hindus there soon after Partition is continuing even now.

Unable to stand-up to the harassment by Muslim fanatics, more than 6,000 Pakistani Hindus have migrated to India in the recent past. Incessant pressure to convert to Islam and social alienation are driving the scattered Hindus to crossover to India. Lashkar Das, one of the Hindu migrants now settled in Haryana, echoes the feelings of many Hindus in Pakistan when he says: “I was constantly under pressure to convert to Islam. Some families budged and capitulated, but those who did not became targets for fanatics.” Another Hindu migrant says: “Local residents call us Hindu kafirs. Our children are discriminated against in schools and forced to read namaz.”

Kafirs! Interestingly, this epithet was used by one of the Pakistani terrorists who took part in the Mumbai massacre in November last. The heavily armed terrorist, on seeing a local resident, called the latter a “Kafir”. This supports the Hindu migrants’ contention that some Muslims in Pakistan call the Hindu neighbours as Kafirs.

No wonder Pakistan is now denuded of the once vibrant Hindu community. How did this happen? A note that the Indian government sent to Pakistan in December 1949 throws some light on the eviction, covert and overt, of Hindus from Pakistan. The note charged the Pakistan government with launching a drive against the remaining Hindus in Sindh. In the interior of Sindh, the note said, conditions were reported to be much worse. Owing to ceaseless “official’ harassment, Hindus were forced to embrace Islam.

Substitute ‘no-official’ for ‘official’ and you will get an idea of why the small Hindu minority in Pakistan is further dwindling. No less a Pakistani leader than the recently assassinated Benazir Bhutto said, in June 2006, that served Hindu families in Larkhana in Sind had been threatened with dire consequences if they did not dissociate themselves from her Pakistan People’s Party. She cited cases in which one Hindu was killed by unidentified assailants in Larkhana and another youth, a son of a noted Hindu family of Warand Mal was shot and wounded.

In February, 2008, Hindus in two districts of Pakistan’s Balochistan province warned that the minority community would boycott the upcoming general elections if the authorities failed to trace three kidnapped Hindu traders, even as armed men abducted another business man’s son. Forced conversions to Islam, which began in the wake of Partition, continue unabated in Pakistan. In March 2007, as many as 79 Pakistani Hindus from the Bhaeel community were converted to Islam near Khapro. The converts included 28 men, 25 women and 34 children. The elderly Bhaeels reportedly told an online news agency that they had embraced Islam after being inspired by the teachings of Islam.

All this ties in with what happened recently in the Swat Valley. It looks as though the Hindus in Pakistan, who now number 20 lakh, are in for further truncation in future. This suspicion was confirmed by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in its annual report for 2006. It says that the state promoted violence by failing to act against those attacking non-Muslims or their properties and their place of worship. The report also lists several cases of forced conversion to Islam, especially of Hindu women.

In September 2005, minority members of the Pakistan National Assembly said that Hindus were being hounded and humiliated to force them to leave Pakistan . They were taking part in a discussion on a call-attention motion on the abduction of a Hindu girl in Sindh and was latter converted to Islam. One member, Krishan Bheel, said many Hindu men were being kidnapped for ransom in Sindh. These incidents were engineered to force Hindus to leave Pakistan where they have been living for the past 5,000 years.

At the time of 1947 Partition, those belonging to Indian religions constituted about 20 per cent of the population in West Pakistan and 34 per cent in East Pakistan. The percentages have now dropped to a little less than two in Pakistan and to about ten in Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan).

All this is in sharp and disturbing contrast to the religious demography in India. The Muslim population in India grew by 1.3 per cent while the Hindu population declined by 1.5 per cent during 1991-2001. The  Muslims, comprised 13.4 per cent while the Hindus formed 80.5 per cent with the total population standing at 1.02 billion in the 2001 census.

The policy of the successive Pakistan regimes of turning a blind eye to the harassment and eviction of the remaining Hindu families in places like Sindh has resulted in the continual thinning of the Hindu minority. And this has given rise to Hindu fundamentalism in India. Fundamentalism is something alien to Hinduism, but the injustices heaped on the diminishing Hindu population by Islamic extremists has touched off a wave of resentment in the majority community in India.

There will be meaningful democracy in Pakistan only if its rulers strive to realise Jinnah’s ideal of secularism. It is now universally established that secularism is the bedrock of democracy.

(The writer can be contacted at 16-110, Mirjalguda… Malkajgiri, Hyderabad-47 (AP)

Plight upon Hindus & Sikhs by Talibans in Pakistan beyond Imagination.

Pakistan

Buildings of Sikhs allegedly destroyed by Taliban in Pakistan

sikh2 sikh4 sikh3

Sikhs in Pak : Persecuted & Fleed in numbers.

Sikhs & Hindus in Pakistan agree to pay jazia to Taliban

Source:
http://www.dnaindia.com/report.asp?newsid=1261811

Amir Mir
Thursday, June 4, 2009

Islamabad: In May, dozens of Sikhs living in the Orakzai agency were forced to move out after the Taliban demanded Rs50 million as jazia, or security tax, from them. Locals said the families were impoverished and left the area to avoid any Taliban action.

Less than a month later, the tax net has spread wider, to the Khyber agency tribal area. The Sikhs, Hindus, and Christians there have been told by the Taliban-backed Lashkar-e-Islam (LeI) to pay jazia in exchange for ensuring their security in the area.

Having already imposed the security tax on non-Muslims in the Orakzai agency in the tribal belt on the Afghanistan border, the Taliban forces in this area have empowered the LeI to charge the tax on their behalf, Khyber agency sources said.

The LeI commander has publicly announced that Sikhs and Hindus will be free to live anywhere in the area after paying this protection tax.

Reports suggest that most of the minority community members in the region have agreed to pay the tax instead of leaving the area, having lived there for decades.

Sources said several jirgas (meetings of elders) were held to settle the issue. One such meeting held last week, attended by the leaders and elders of the Sikh, Hindu, and Christian communities at Tirah Valley, resulted in the decision to pay up rather than move out.

Women, children, and handicapped persons have been exempted from paying the tax, which amounts to Rs1,000 per head annually.

The LeI militants have already started collecting jazia in Bara, Chora, Karamna, Bazaar Zakhakhel, and Tirah Valley of Khyber agency. Those refusing to pay, or not in a position to pay, are being forced to leave.

Indian Muslim leaders term Taliban’s treatment of Sikhs barbaric

Source : www.sikhsangat.org

http://sikhsangat.org/1469/2009/05/indian-muslim-leaders-term-talibans-treatment-of-sikhs-barbaric/

Amritsar, Punjab: Taliban’s treatment of Sikhs in Pakistan’s tribal areas is illegal and barbaric, said Indian Muslim leaders.

On seeing reports about Sikh families in Pakistan being driven out of their homes and being subjected to Jaziya and other such impositions, the religious, political and community leaders of the Indian Muslims in a joint statement issued here Sunday said: “The imposition of the so-called Jizya is nothing more than extortion by an armed and lawless gang which does not constitute a sovereign government or state or even an organ thereof.”

The Indian Muslim leaders said, “We regard this as an act of injustice incompatible with the letter and spirit of Islam and the international covenants accepted by all Muslim states.”

They demanded that the Pakistani authorities must take earliest steps to retrieve the extorted sums and pay them back to their affected non-Muslim citizens and facilitate their peaceful return to their homes and properties in their traditional homelands and give them all due protection.

Sikhs of Orakzai

It was extremely distressing to read about the horrendous predicament of the Orakzai Sikhs in your editorial titled “The Sikhs of Orakzai” (May 3). In any bad year, the Orakzais would put dozens of women and girls to death just for the sin of wanting to marry a man of their own choice; all in the name of honour. Here is a situation faced by Kalyan Singh and others, settled in the Orakzai tribal belt for as long as one remembers, and the collective tribal conscious does not move to help these poor souls just because one suicide bomber in a jirga has brought down their swagger to a whimper.

O people of Orakzai tribe, where is your Pakhtunwali, one may ask. Or was it all mere sloganeering only to change the name of the province? Get up, and have those blighted Sikhs and their families released from the clutches of these barbarians and shameless lot called the Taliban, whatever it takes. You know better there is no glory in your folklore for such cowardly acts by a few. Are you listening, the former governor of NWFP from Orakzai tribe?

Vice Admiral (r) Taj M Khattak
Karachi

Pak Sikhs, Hindus want India visas

Pakistan Sikhs and Hindus desperate, seek Indian visas

 

11 May, 2009, Asian Age, Correspondent, CHANDIGARH

May 10: Scores of Sikh and Hindu families who have been rendered homeless by the Taliban in Pakistan’s Swat territory want Indian visas to seek shelter with relatives living in Amritsar.

Essentially tradesmen, Sikh and Hindu families in Amritsar, Pakistan’s frontier provinces and further westwards in Afghanistan, have sustained mutual links despite being divided by political boundaries. The age-old trading in dry and fresh fruits, woollens and green tea has also helped keep these relations strong.

“We moved here from Peshawar during the tabaadla (exchange) of 1956. But many of our people stayed back in Pakistan and they have now landed in great trouble,” said Mr Anant Ram, a Sehajdhari Sikh who works at the local gurdwara at the Peshauri Mohalla in Amritsar.

The old Peshawar families of Amritsar say they are appalled at the persecution of their brethren, many of them blood relatives, in Pakistan. “I have many relatives who are suffering over there. The Pakistan government is doing nothing to help and they have been calling every day saying they fear even more persecution. My people have lost everything but the clothes they are wearing. There is simply no sense of security even though they have moved out of Swat,” said Mahant Lal Pishauri.

“These people are desperate to move out of Pakistan. Their homes were razed to the ground by Taliban and they can expect nothing from the government there. They are ready to come to Amritsar but say Indian visas are not easy to come by under the present circumstances,” said Mr Anant Ram who, like the others, is looking forward to host his Swat relatives.

Craze for Talibanization in Pak made us Beggars for a Bread

May 15, 2009

Where’s the national spirit?

iiss2 islamabad2-ap-608 refugee-karachi-80-e

Refugees must be treated humanely, or else civil society will be seen as being even worse than the Taliban – AP/File photo.

[  What about Humanity in Talibani Islam ?

Fanatic Islam never tagged Humanity|| Earlier they finished Kaffirs, now to finish Muslims also – alertpak ]

Dawn Editorial
Friday, 15 May, 2009 | 07:48 AM PST |www.dawn.com

HUNDREDS of thousands of internally displaced persons are fleeing the strife-torn areas of Swat, Buner and other parts of the Malakand division while reportedly thousands more remain caught in the crossfire between the TTP insurgents and the military. The plight of these refugees constitutes a humanitarian crisis that may prove to be the litmus test of how far the government and citizenry support those who are the first and most immediate victims of the horror unleashed by the extremists. Unlike the overwhelming outpouring of sympathy and aid after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, the current crisis is marked by a lack of either material support or societal solidarity for the IDPs. Yet they are no less deserving of assistance and compassion than the victims of the earthquake — perhaps more so, considering that natural disasters cannot be prevented but the current tragedy is a result of a crisis that is political in nature and as such man-made.

The aid required by the IDPs includes, most immediately, food, shelter, clothing and sanitation. In the longer-term — given the uncertain security situation in their hometowns — affected families will require rehabilitation through employment opportunities, education and absorption into society at large. The primary responsibility for this falls upon the state, for it is incumbent upon the government of the day to protect the life and livelihood of the citizenry. Moreover, only the state has sufficient resources and outreach for long-term rehabilitation. This does not mean, however, that civil society can be absolved. Citizens across the country who have so far not been directly affected by the Taliban’s activities must come to the aid of their brethren. This can be done through making financial and material contributions to private and governmental agencies that are working towards the IDPs’ welfare. Then, the issue of the refugees must be de-linked from ethnic and political concerns since these undermine societal solidarity and further intensify the misery of the IDPs. As citizens of Pakistan, the refugees have a right to protection and assistance offered by not just the state and but also fellow citizens. Most importantly, perhaps, civil society must lobby with the government and its institutions for a successful, speedy end to the military operation and a clean-up of militant-infested areas. The government’s writ must be extended immediately to all its territories, for slow or evasive action against the insurgents may not only give the latter time to regroup, it may also encourage other militant organisations with intentions to spread anarchy.

More than 834,000 displaced in Pakistan: UN

PAKISTAN-VIOLENCE/

A group of internally displaced men and children vie for a handout of bananas at a UNHCR camp in the outskirts of Peshawar.—Reuters

Friday, 15 May, 2009 | 04:02 AM PST |www.dawn.com

YAR HUSSAIN CAMP: More than 834,000 civilians have fled recent fighting between security forces and the Taliban in the northwest of the country, the UN refugee chief said on Thursday.

The figure was a leap of more than 163,000 people registered since Wednesday, as desperate families piled onto trucks and tractors, or stream on foot out of the three worst-affected districts to hastily set up camps.

‘Some 834,000 IDPs (internally displaced people) have been registered so far. This is a massive, massive displacement in the world today,’ said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres.

‘Pakistan is passing through a difficult period. The international community should come forward and help Pakistan. I cannot give a figure but they need a lot of help,’ he added as he toured the Yar Hussain camp in Swabi district.

Ariane Rummery, spokeswoman for the UN refugee agency, said that 835,226 people had now registered since May 2.

They join another 500,000 people who fled bouts of fighting in the northwest last year, where extremist Taliban militants have been fighting to gain control and impose their brand of Islamic law.

With more than 1.3 million people displaced, Human Rights Watch has warned that Pakistan is facing its biggest movement of people since the partition of India in 1947, which led to the migration of millions.

Security forces have launched a fresh offensive in Swat, Lower Dir and Buner districts after the insurgents advanced to within 100km of Islamabad.—AFP

Even then, the Muslims in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh or everywhere in this Subcontinent or anywhere in this world believe in Pan Islamism and to rule over Non-Muslims ( say Kaffirs). What about this fragmented Islamic Brotherhood where Talibani Muslims are Killing Pakistani Muslims. Talibanis believe that they are the true and pure Muslims in this world on the basis of Quran. And now Quran has been mis-utilised by some Muslims to murder, loot, up-root innocent Muslims unfortunately. Such this flow of dangerous inspiration from Quran must be stopped or banned immediately. Here the questions of  ‘Need to Reform Islam  and ‘Reformative Interpretation of  Holy Quran ‘ ( now grossly utilized in all un-holy activities) come into front line. Islam is no more a “Religion of Peace” or it contains “Absolute Humanity”. We people should think now the right direction  to end up all anomalies in Pakistan and also in Islam.

The Talibani Age of Darkness in Pakistan under Islamist Gun Fire

April 20, 2009

m_id_72624_taliban

Taliban vow to enforce Shariah throughout Pakistan

Posted: Monday , Apr 20, 2009 at 1348 hrs IST
Islamabad:
A resurgent Taliban in Pakistan’s northwestern Swat valley on Monday vowed to enforce Islamic laws across the country while ruling out the possibility of laying down arms following the implementation of Shariah in the region.
The Shariah or Islamic law regime approved recently by President Asif Ali Zardari will not be confined to Malakand division, which includes Swat, and the Taliban wants the system to be enforced in other parts of Pakistan, Taliban spokesman Muslim Khan said on Monday.
“(Shariah) is not only for Malakand division, it is for all humanity, for all Muslims. So we will go more for implementation of Quran, Shariah-e-Muhammadi, not only in Malakand division (but) other parts of Pakistan also,” Khan told ‘Dawn News’ channel in an interview.
He was responding to a question on whether the Taliban believed they had achieved their goal following the federal government’s approval for enforcing Shariah in Swat.
Islamic laws were enforced in Swat, located just 160 km from Islamabad, after religious hardliner Sufi Muhammad initiated peace talks with Taliban on behalf of government.
Asked about Sufi Muhammad’s assurance that the Taliban in Swat would surrender their weapons once Shariah is enforced in the region, Khan replied: “We don’t know about that because we are Pashtuns and any Pashtun has a gun”.
He indicated that Taliban would lay down arms only if the Islamic courts in Swat asked them to do so. “If the Shariah regulation will call (on) us that Taliban you keep your arms, we will keep (them). If the order from Qazi courts is no, we will say no,” Khan, who spoke in broken English, said.

The Taliban spokesman questioned why no one was asking for the disarming of “US forces” who were allegedly in Pakistan and killing Muslims.
“We are Muslims. If somebody is coming to kill my brother, we will stay… in Afghanistan and the Pashtun areas.
You are asking me to lay down my arms and nobody (is) asking the Americans. Why?” he asked.
Khan said the implementation of the Nizam-e-Adl Regulation, which envisages the enforcement of Shariah in Swat and Malakand, is the responsibility of Sufi Muhammad, the chief of the Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Shariah Muhammadi.
The Taliban will keep an eye on the progress made in this regard, he indicated.
The militant spokesman also dismissed criticism of the Shariah regime in Swat by Western powers, including the US. “We don’t care about the reaction of the government in Pakistan, other foreigners and the international community. We don’t care (about) that,” he asserted.
Khan also said the Pakistani Taliban wanted all Muslims to work for the creation of a “caliphate” comprising all Islamic nations.
Asked if he had a message for Muslims, he replied, “For Muslims it is necessary to come and make a caliphate, one army, one Shariah-e-Muhammadi, one currency and make unity.
“Like the 52 states of America, we should be 56 states of Muslims and we have to make one unity,” Khan added.
Taliban fighters led by Maulana Fazlullah, the son-in-law of Sufi Muhammad, now control most parts of Swat, which till two years ago was a popular tourist destination.
The militants openly patrol roads in the area and have barred women from venturing out of their homes unless they are accompanied by male relatives.
The militants have directed men to wear skull caps and stop shaving their beards. They have also torched or blown up nearly 200 girls’ schools.
Fazlullah regularly issues edicts on his illegal radio station and Sufi Muhammad yesterday told a gathering of thousands in Swat that democracy is an “un-Islamic” system.
Source : Indian Express||20.04.2009

Taliban wrath on couple
– Militants gun down Pak duo on ‘adultery’ charges

Islamabad, April 18 (PTI): A man and a woman, who were accused of committing adultery, were gunned down by the Taliban in northwest Pakistan a few days ago.
The chilling video footage of the execution was sent to the Dawn newspaper yesterday. It shows a Taliban firing squad killing the man and woman, both apparently in their forties, after accusing them of adultery.
They were shot dead in the presence of their relatives. The newspaper quoted its sources as saying that the incident took place in Hangu district of North West Frontier Province. The execution comes just two weeks after a video of a teenage girl being flogged by militants in the Swat Valley sent shockwaves across Pakistan.
In the new video, the woman is heard appealing to the Taliban militants for mercy. “Have mercy on me, please have mercy. The charges against me are false and no man has ever touched me,” she is heard saying.
The militants first pumped several bullets into the woman’s chest and then fired a burst from their assault rifles at her and the man. Seeing that the woman was still alive after being shot, some militants are heard shouting: “She is alive, kill her.”
Pakistani leaders and rights activists had condemned the public flogging of teenager Chand Bibi in the Swat Valley. Her ordeal was filmed in a two-minute mobile phone video.
It showed the burqa-clad 17-year-old girl being held face down on the ground by three men while a fourth whipped her repeatedly. A large crowd of men watched the flogging, which reportedly occurred in the Matta area of Swat a few weeks ago.
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani ordered an inquiry into the matter and Supreme Court Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry took suo moto notice of the issue and sought regular reports from the government on the probe.
However, interior secretary Kamal Shah told a news conference at Saidu Sharief in Swat yesterday that an investigation team had concluded that the earlier video was fake.
The team, headed by a senior police official, had submitted a report on its probe that will be handed over to the apex court, he said. The team said no incident of flogging had occurred, Shah said.
Source : The Telegraph, Calcutta||19/04/09